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Archive for the ‘Networking’ Category

Linksys WRT1900AC slow internet speed

January 24, 2015 15 comments

Here is a strange problem.  Comcast recently doubled my internet speed according to an insert in my bill.  I have performance internet which means I should be getting 25Mbps download speeds.  Doubled I will get 50Mbps!  This is nice.  I follow the instructions to power cycle the modem, then the router and blow off rebooting the PC since I know that is not needed.  A quick speed test and I’m getting a whopping 16Mbps download? Read more…

Enable console messages on vty lines

July 1, 2014 Leave a comment

I always have a hard time finding this.  Every once in a while I’d like to see the console messages when I’m remotely managing a switch via SSH (or Telnet).  The command is simply “terminal monitor”.  This only lasts for the current session but that isn’t a big deal.

Categories: Cisco, Networking Tags: , , , ,

Cisco RADIUS configuration with Server 2008 R2

November 11, 2010 23 comments

Configuring Cisco devices to authenticate via Active Directory isn’t a common practice. From what I’ve seen, most network admins simply have passwords set on the vty lines and an enable password set. Amazingly it seems most passwords are either cisco or cisco123. I couldn’t find very many resources out there for how to set things up so after much trial and error I finally have it working so I’m posting it here in hopes it will help someone else. Later I’ll be trying to get 802.1x wired authentication going but this is a start. Read more…

Originating IP address

June 15, 2010 1 comment

More work securing the network. I was setting up RADIUS authentication and authorization using the Network Policy Server role of Windows 2008 R2 (that will be another post). Here is a simplified network diagram.

Everything worked perfectly for the local router (rtr01) and switch (sw01) so it was time to do the same on the remote devices. I started with the switch (sw02) and then moved onto the router (rtr02) when I ran into problems. I couldn’t log into the router. I tried the router’s local username which did work indicating the router couldn’t authenticate against the RADIUS server. This seemed very odd to me since the switch, which is further away, worked perfectly. I tried a simple ping to the server and it failed. Now I was really confused, because the switch could ping the server but the router couldn’t.

At this point I’m thinking it’s some strange configuration setting on the router so I fire up Google and start searching. I come across the Cisco Extended Ping and Traceroute commands as well as a short statement indicating the originating address is the IP of the interface the packet leaves. So I try an Extended Traceroute using an originating address of 199.254.8.189 and it works. This means that a reverse route from the server to the 172.16.19.52/30 subnet doesn’t exist. Adding the following route to sw01 fixed the problem:

ip route 172.16.19.52 255.255.255.252 199.254.7.253

Switch sw01 already had a route to the 199.254.8.128/25 network. Until now there was never a need to know how to get to the WAN interfaces of the routers.

Categories: Networking Tags: ,

Gigabit auto negotiation

May 26, 2010 Leave a comment

Update: I originally posted this (on my previous blogging site) on 31 Mar 2009 and have made some updates due to broken reference links.

I ran into a strange problem while configuring an Etherchannel on a couple Cisco switches. I would set the speed and duplex on one switch to 1000 full but as soon as I set the same speed and duplex on the other switch the connection would go down. This was the first time I’ve tried to set up an Etherchannel so I incorrectly assumed it was an Etherchannel configuration mistake. After much searching I found a single sentence that indicated 1000Base-T must be set to auto/auto but no references. Luckily my colleague was looking for the same thing and sent me a link which had references and a great explanation of what happens. That link is no longer active but I’ve found others that I’ll put at the bottom of this post. Read more…

Categories: Networking Tags: ,

Password required but none set

April 19, 2010 1 comment

That was the error message when I tried to telnet into a newly configured switch in the lab.  I had full access via the console port but couldn’t telnet into the switch.  There was the standard enable secret xxxx line and a username admin secret xxxx line and nothing under the vty lines.  It turns out that I forgot to set aaa new-model.  Without that the vty lines expect a password to be defined just for them. Now that’s a rookie mistake!

Categories: Networking Tags:

Cisco EtherChannel

March 31, 2009 3 comments

After much work I’ve gotten a good handle on EtherChannel. The network I’m working on will be the core of a highly available system. It consists of 2 Cisco 3750G-24 multi-layer switches in a stacked configuration and 4 Cisco 2960G-48 switches. I want to configure the system in such a way that any single device failure will not cause a complete outage. To do this I’ve set up EtherChannel links between the edge switches and the 3750 switch stack. This is what Cisco calls a “Cross-Stack EtherChannel”. Read more…

Categories: Networking Tags: ,